ISSN 1991-2927
 

ACP № 3 (57) 2019

'Automation of Control Processes' # 2 (48) 2017

Contents
AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Iurii Ivanovitch Starodubtsev, Military Communications Academy, Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor; graduated from Kemerovo Higher Military Command School of Communications and the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Academician of the Russian Academy of Military Sciences, Security Forces Academy, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Arctic Academy of Sciences; Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education, Professor of the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; an author of monographs, manuals, articles, and inventions in the field of information-resources security of military communication systems and computer-aided control systems in infowar contexts. [e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ]I. Starodubtsev,

Elena Valerievna Sukhorukova, of the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from Novocherkassk Military Communications Institute; finished his post-graduate studies at the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; Lecturer at the Department ‘Security of Information and Telecommunication Systems of Social Purposes’ of the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; an author of articles and inventions in the field of information security. [e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ]E. Sukhorukova,

Andrei Sergeevich Korsunskii, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radio-Communications at Ulyanovsk Branch of the Military Communications University; finished his post-graduate studies at the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; Chief Specialist at FRPC JSC ’RPA ’Mars’; an author of articles and inventions in the field of radioelectronics protection, communications, and information security as well as data transmission through wireless communication channels in information telecommunication systems. [e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ]A. Korsunskii,

Tatiana Nikolaevna Maslennikova, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Head of a research-and-development laboratory at FRPC JSC ’RPA ’Mars’; an author of papers and publications in the field of information support of special-purpose computer-aided systems. [e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ]T. Maslennikova,

Aleksei Vasilievich Vershennik, of the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps, graduated from Stavropolsk Higher Military Engineering School of Communications and Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces, Lecturer of the Department ‘The Security of Information Telecommunications Systems of Special Purposes’ of the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; an author of articles and inventions in the field of information security. [e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ]A. Vershennik

The Problem of Detecting Electronic Devices Installed Without Authorization and the Method of Its Solution 000_1.pdf

The modern development of the Russian society is characterized with the great increase of the role and actuality of security assurance problems in all spheres of life. One of the major problems is industrial (economic) counterespionage. Such types of espionages are carried in order to sweep market, prevent technological breakthroughs of contestants, wreck negotiations on contracts, resale corporate secrets, etc. One of the most widespread technological tools for information retrieval is a radio eavesdropping device. However, existing control devices do not address capabilities of modern radio eavesdropping devices. The article considers the problem of detection of radio devices installed without authorization in information retrieval systems. Such devices are used for espionage. The method for solving the aforesaid problem is also offered. The method is concerned with the field of radio monitoring of electronic devices in a supervised zone, provides detection of signals in conditions of absence of prior information about their parameters and also allows to define the base frequency of performance.

Information security, eavesdropping devices, radio eavesdropping device.

MATHEMATICAL MODELING

Aleksandr Kupriianovich Ivanov, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Doctor of Engineering, Honoured Worker of Science and Engineering of the Ulyanovsk Region; graduated from the Faculty of Physics of Irkutsk State University; finished his postgraduate studies at Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School and his doctoral studies at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Chief Staff Scientist at Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’; an author of monographs, articles, and manuals in the field of mathematical modeling of hierarchical real-time computer-aided control systems. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]A. Ivanov

Mathematical Models for Knowledge Management in Design Organizations 000_2.pdf

The article considers problems of knowledge management in an organization involved in automated systems design. Knowledge is defined as information used in a productive process. The article shows that the key moment is availability of formalized models and unformalized methods for obtaining design solutions. The author gives examples of knowledge applied in organizations for designing automated management systems with the use of corresponding models. The mathematical models of sequential transformation of data into information, information into knowledge, knowledge into design solutions are developed as Lotka-Volterra linear differential equation systems. Situations of data occurrence from external and internal data sources, and deterioration of data, information and knowledge are considered. Analytical solutions for linear systems were obtained, researches of stability with the use of Lyapunov method were held, types of critical points were defined. The main trends of the knowledge management system were specified in order to gain competitive edge of the developing products.

Design organization, automated systems, knowledge management, mathematical models.

Marina Vitalievna Samoilenko, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Candidate of Engineering; graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology; Associate Professor at Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University); involved in developing the tomographic approach to signal processing; an author of 11 patents for inventions, 2 monographs, and 9 articles. [e-mail: Samoi.Mar@mail.ru]M. Samoilenko

Tomographic Method of Signal Restoration After Passing Through the Filter With the Known Response 000_3.pdf

The method of the filter input signal restoration by the measured output signal and the pulse response is proposed in the article. The known method of the input signal restoration is inverse filtering, which inevitably distorts the restored signal because of the effect of power leakage into the adjacent frequency range or of the inability to calculate the infinite spectrum of the input signal by dividing the spectrum of the output signal on transmission function. The proposed method doesn’t need transformation to spectrums. It is based on the tomographic approach in signal processing developed by the author. According to the method, the solution is sought through the restoration of the required function (of the input signal) by a set of its integrals values received under differing conditions of integration. The values of the output signal measured at discrete moments are used as such values. A set of output signals (integrals) forms a depiction, which is used for the following restoration of the original - the input signal. The received mathematical expressions make it possible to restore it in a discrete form as a vector. The restore matrix used in calculations is formed on the basis of discrete values of a filter pulse response and can be calculated a priori. After that, it’s enough to measure the output signal and multiply the vector composed of it on the pre-calculated matrix in operating status. The pre-selected discretization period may be changed to achieve greater accuracy or lesser processing time. The tomographic method makes it possible to restore continuous signals as well as solar pulses and pulse patterns. In order to illustrate it, the article gives some results of computer simulation.

Signal restoration, tomographic approach to signal processing, pulse response, converting matrix, restore matrix.

Sergei Mikhailovich Namestnikov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor at the Department of Telecommunication at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles in the field of statistical signal processing and noiseless coding. [e-mail: sernam@ulstu.ru]S. Namestnikov,

Nikolai Iurievich Chilikhin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor at the Department of Telecommunication at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles in the field of noiseless coding and information security. [e-mail: n.chilikhin@gmail.com]N. Chilikhin

Multidimensional Code Structures With Application of the Bhattacharya Distance 000_4.pdf

The article discusses the application of the Bhattacharya distance in the multidimensional code structures in order to manage excessive component. The proposed approach is a compromise between the high bandwidth requirements and level of error probability on a bit. Multidimensional coded structures effectively solve the problem of error correction (natural and anthropogenic) that arises in the communication channel. However, the increase in code distance by creating multidimensionality leads to a significant reduction in code rate as a result of reducing information bandwidth. In this case, the Bhattacharya distance is a flexible and efficient tool for the task. Usability of the Bhattacharya distance in the scheme of polar codes makes the mechanism convenient for the designer of communication systems, and high corrective abilities of polar codes allow using them as inner codes to build cascade coding and 3D codes. The Bhattacharya dstance is actively used to determine similarities between two or more sets. In the coding theory, this tool is widely used in question of flowing code combinations in the Euclidean space and creation of the generating matrix control mechanism for the purpose of forming the continuous set of code combinations. Such combinations form a set of information symbols that vary in except the lack of transmission and non-excess transmission.

Adaptive system, information management complex, cascaded coding, arikan matrix, soft decision of symbols, soft decoding, feedback, noiseless codes, polar codes, bhattacharya distance.

INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Andrei Mikhailovich Ivantsov, Ulyanovsk State University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Leningrad higher military engineering school of communications, the Military Academy of Communications; finished his postgraduate studies at the Military Academy of Communications; Associate Professor at the Department of Information Security and Control Theory of Ulyanovsk State University; an author of articles and textbooks in the field of information security. [e-mail: iwanzow@mail.ru]A. Ivantsov,

Sergei Mikhailovich Ratseev, Ulyanovsk State University, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Ulyanovsk State University; Professor at the Department of Information Security and Control Theory of Ulyanovsk State University; an author of articles and textbooks in the field of cryptographic methods of information security, PI-algebras. [e-mail: ratseevsm@mail.ru]S. Ratseev

On Application of Elliptic Curves in Some Authentication and Key Distribution Protocols 000_5.pdf

Cryptographic authentication protocols with zero disclosure of knowledge and key exchange protocols are considered in the article. The cryptographic authentication protocols based on the proof of knowledge with zero disclosure allow to verify authenticity of the sides without leakage of the classified information during information exchange. Key exchange protocols allow to create the general secret keys of participants of cryptosystems. Modifications of some cryptographic protocols of open distribution of keys and such cryptographic authentication protocols with zero disclosure of knowledge as families of the MTI protocols, Shnor’s triple-pass authentication protocol and authentication protocol on the basis of the Diffie-Hellman algorithm are offered. These protocols are provided on the basis of elliptic curves, which application allows to reduce considerably the sizes of protocols parameters and to increase their cryptography firmness. Firmness of the provided protocols is based on the difficult task of the discrete logarithmation in group of points of an elliptic curve.

Cryptographic protocol, authentication protocol, key exchange protocol, shnor's protocol, elliptic curve.

Viktor Nikolaevich Negoda, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Doctor of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Professor at the Department of Computer Engineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles, monographs, and certificates of authorship in the field of computer-aided design of embedded control and management systems; interested in computer-aided design of technical systems with logical control. [e-mail: nvn@ulstu.ru]V. Negoda,

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Folunin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Computer Engineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Faculty of Information Systems and Technologies of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles in the field of testing automation; interested in testing automation for implementation of algorithms and data structures. [e-mail: v.folunin@ulstu.ru]V. Folunin

Automation of Testing of Temporal Prototypes of Logical Control Programmes 000_6.pdf

The paper considers the means of testing automation for prototypes of logical control programs, which are of use in conditions of short-time prototyping involving a variety of functions performed by a large number of developers. The authors describe specific features of logical control tasks as well as the contents of prototyping process and prototype testing automation process. The ways of logical control tasks formalization and decomposition using heterogeneous functions of multi-valued logic, which simplify the development of the prototype testing infrastructure are shown. The authors also give an example of automated construction of the test generator based on the specification of binary glitches filtration function.

Logical control systems design, software testing automation, rapid prototyping, model-driven development, test-driven development.

Aleksandr Alekseevich Emelianov, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from F.E. Dzerzginsky Military Academy; Deputy Chief Engineer for Quality Assurance and Engineering Support - Head of the Management Department of Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’; an author of publications in the field of constructing the quality management and information security systems. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]A. Emelianov,

Iulia Aleksandrovna Radionova, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics of Ulyanovsk State University, finished her postgraduate studies at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Lead Programming Engineer at FRPC JSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of automated workflow systems, intelligent technical documentation storages. [e-mail: julia-owl@mail.ru]I. Radionova,

Aleksandr Leonidovich Savkin, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor; graduated from Ulyanovsk High Education Military Communications Academy and the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; finished his postgraduate studies at the same Academy; Head of the Department of Scientific-and-Technical Activity Providing of Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’; an author of papers, textbooks in the field of development and modelling of communication control systems. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]A. Savkin

Simulation and Statistical Control of Procurement Risks 000_7.pdf

In order to optimize the acceptance control, a supplement to the statistical method of control - the dynamic characteristic of a supplier [1], was developed at the enterprise. On the basis of some supplier’s parameters and the products schedule line, a coefficient allowing to decrease a controllable sample size is composed. The article describes structure of the database developed on the basis of the method of supply statistical control and the dynamic characteristic calculation. The database allows to store statistical data about products supplies and calculation data for simulation of acceptance control. Schemes of relations between database entities and a scheme of the dynamic characteristic calculation are demonstrated in the article. A brief description of the developed software interface is considered. The software realizes the following functions: registration, data review and analysis, calculation of suppliers’ quality indices, data calculation for simulation of control.

statistical control, supplier evaluation, dynamic characteristic, evaluation specifications, simulation, database,softwar.

Aleksei Viktorovich Tregubov, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Chief Engineer at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Engineering of Ulyanovsk State University; an author of articles in the field of computer simulation and fiber sensors. [e-mail: tregub@ulsu.ru]A. Tregubov,

Sergei Gennadievich Novikov, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Chief of Solid State Electronics Laboratory at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Engineering of Ulyanovsk Affiliate of Lomonosov Moscow State University; interested in microelectronics, negatronics, optoelectronics, semiconductor devices with positive feedback. [e-mail: novikovsg@ulsu.ru]S. Novikov,

Viacheslav Viktorovich Svetukhin, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics; Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Engineering of Ulyanovsk Affiliate of Lomonosov Moscow State University; Senior Scientist at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; interested in defect formation in semiconductor devices, radiation physics and technology; an author of semiconductor physics and physical material science. [e-mail: slava@sv.uven.ru]V. Svetukhin,

Aleksandr Sergeevich Alekseev, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Postgraduate Student of Ulyanovsk State University; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Engineering of Ulyanovsk State University; Research Assistant at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; interested in semiconductor devices, optoelectronics and microelectronics. [e-mail: granik@ya.ru]A. Alekseev,

Aleksei Valentinovich Berintsev, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Engineer at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; interested in optoelectronics, microelectronics, semiconductor devices; an author of articles and inventions in the field of measurement automation and optoelectronic devices research. [e-mail: berints@mail.ru]A. Berintsev,

Viktor Vladimirovich Prikhodko, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Ulyanovsk Affiliate of Lomonosov Moscow State University; Head of Information Technology and Telecommunications Department, Senior Researcher at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; interested in solid state physics, optics, telecommunications. [e-mail: vvp@ulsu.ru]V. Prikhodko,

Aleksandr Nikolaevich Fomin, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics at Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University named after I.N. Ulyanov; Director of Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; interested in radiotechnologies. [e-mail: mr.fominan@yandex.ru]A. Fomin,

Artem Borisovich Muralev, Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University, Junior Scientist at Scientific Research Technological Institute named after S.P. Kapitsa of Ulyanovsk State University; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Engineering of Ulyanovsk State University; interested in computer simulation, radiation physics and technology. [e-mail: a.b.muralev@yandex.ru]A. Muralev,

Dmitrii Vladimirovich Markov, Joint Stock Company “Institute of Nuclear Materials”, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Engineering at the Ural State Technical University; Director of Joint Stock Company “Institute of Nuclear Materials”; interested in reactor material science. [e-mail: irm@irmatom.ru]D. Markov

System for Monitoring the State of Spent Nuclear Fuel Dry Storage Facility 000_8.pdf

A hardware and software system for monitoring the state of a spent nuclear fuel dry storage facility (SFSF) has been designed by the team of authors to obtain data on the spatial distribution of temperature and dose fields in the storage facility. The software part of the system allows for the mathematical modeling of SFSF space taking into account the activities of the fuel assemblies and the absorbing properties of materials. The hardware part of the system is based on optic fiber sensors and used in verification the results of computer simulation, control of the boundary conditions and check of the quality of the mathematical model. The main feature of the system developed is the use of a distributive fiber temperature sensor based on Brillouin scattering and fiber sensors of radiation intensity based on scintillators and wavelength shifting fibers. All sensing elements of sensors have high radiation hardness and are made with the use of specific fibers. The system developed is a stable and fault-tolerant complex that does not require regular maintenance.

Fiber optic sensors, dosimeter, temperature, monitoring system.

Sergei Vasilevich Voronov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor at the Department of Radioengineering; an author of articles and monographs in the field of digital signal and image processing and computer vision. [e-mail: valmedia@yandex.ru]S. Voronov,

Ilia Vasilevich Voronov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Postgraduate Student at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles in the field of digital signal and image processing. [e-mail: ilvo1987@gmail.com]I. Voronov,

Vadim Andreevich Shramov, Federal Research-and-Production Center Joint Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Postgraduate Student at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Research Engineer at FRPC JSC “RPA “Mars”. [e-mail: vadim_shramov@mail.ru]V. Shramov

Detection of Objects on Images With the Use of Histograms of Orientated Gradients 000_9.pdf

Automated detection of objects of different classes on images and frames of video sequences is one of the main tasks of computer vision. The most widely used approach to solving this problem today is extracting certain features from the local image areas and further learning of classification algorithms on the basis of the extracted vectors. At the same time, the most interesting because of the good ratio of efficiency and the required computational resources are the features obtained using histograms of orientated gradients. This paper is devoted to the modification of the method of extraction of local features on the basis of histograms of orientated gradients, which consists in extracting features along the edges. It allows taking into account their spatial arrangement. Moreover, to increase the descriptive properties of feature vectors, it was suggested to use information on the structure that is based on the use of the "center of gravity" of local areas. Experimental results show that the proposed changes in comparison with the traditional method of extracting features allow to increase both the accuracy of detection of objects of different classes and the speed of convergence of classification algorithms.

Adaboost, object detection, hog, local features, adaboost, feature vector, classification.

Dmitrii Vladimirovich Ganin, Engineering Economics State University of Nizhniy Novgorod, Сandidate of Economics, Associate Professor; Vice-rector for Research and Innovative Development of Engineering Economics State University of Nizhniy Novgorod; an author of 35 articles including ones on communication science. [e-mail: ngiei135@mail.ru]D. Ganin,

Ivan Iurevich Davydov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Candidate for the Master’s Degree at the Department of Telecommunications of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of two articles in the field of information theory. [e-mail: 1Davydov2i@gmail.com]I. Davydov

Generalized Procedure of Brightness Comparison of Printed Circuit Boards Images of Radiographs 000_10.pdf

The article describes an approach to automated visual inspection of printed circuit boards including one on the basis of their radiographs. The authors analyzed the characteristics of x-ray images of printed circuit boards. The paper shows the lack of efficiency used in the framework of the task of verification of radiographs, the existing methods comparing two images by analyzing a histogram or search of keypoints. Based on that, the authors propose a new algorithm for the verification of printed circuit boards based on the comparison of their radiographic images. The comparison is based on the iterative procedure of matching of the binary representations of the studied images and their subsequent fragmentation. The obtained fragments are subjected to an iterative luminance mapping. Generated matching results are suitable for further expert studies with the use of automated systems. The algorithm allows to achieve high accuracy mapping. The authors consider the main features of the algorithm enhancing the performance of its work and the quality of the matching of the processed images. In the paper we propose some optimization of the algorithm.

Automatic inspection of multilayer printed circuit boards, images of radiographs, morphological analysis, luminance mapping.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Grigorii Aleksandrovich Blagodatskii, Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University, Candidate of Engineering; Associate Professor at the Department of Information Systems of Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University; an author of articles and monographs in the field of automation and optimization of business processes of enterprises and certificates of registration of databases and computer programs. [e-mail: blagodatsky@gmail.com]G. Blagodatskii,

Maksim Mikhailovich Gorokhov, Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics; Professor; Head of the Department of Information Systems of Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University; an author of articles and monographs in the field of development and design of software and hardware tools for various purposes as well as the certificates of registration of databases and computer programs. [e-mail: insys2005@mail.ru]M. Gorokhov,

Denis Alekseevich Perevedentcev, Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Information Systems of Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University; an author of articles and monographs in the field of design and development of expert systems for supporting the processes of management of research and innovation projects as well as the certificate of registration of databases and computer programs. [e-mail: perevedencew@mail.ru]D. Perevedentcev

Modelling the System of Fuzzy Logical Inference for Evaluating Science-intensive Projects 000_11.pdf

In order to determine the innovative potential and prospects of science-intensive projects, it is required to account for a large number of parameters that covers the whole interaction system of the specific time with the environment. The purpose of the study is developing models, methods, algorithms and software for processes aimed at improving the efficiency of management of research and innovation projects. Today, fuzzy inference is widely used in modeling systems characterized by predominantly qualitative parameters. In order to solve the problem, a fuzzy logic system based on the Mamdani algorithm was developed. With the use of factor analysis, eight factors from the total set of projects’ parameters were identified. In the estimates of the factors of the project state, several ranges of values were revealed and the respective linguistic variables were implemented. The result of the application of author’s algorithms is a system of fuzzy inference built in the Matlab FUZZY environment. The system describes the commercial appeal, level of completion and prospects of knowledge-intensive projects. On the basis of the calculated characteristics of the project, the algorithm of evaluation of science projects was developed. The algorithm of solving the problem of multi-objective optimization for selecting projects from the database was presented.

Fuzzy inference, high-tech projects, complex systems, effective evaluation, algorithm of evaluation, selection algorithm.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONICS

Viacheslav Andreevich Sergeev, Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Engineering, Associate Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Physics of Gorky State Technical University; Director of the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Head of the Basic Department of Radioengineering, Opto- and Nanolectronics of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of monographs, papers, and inventions in the field of modelling and researching semiconductor devices and integrated circuits parameters and measure of its thermal parameters. [e-mail: sva@ulstu.ru]V. Sergeev,

Sergei Viacheslavovich Vasin, Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Physics and Mathematics; graduated from Physics and Technology Faculty оf the Ulyanovsk Branch of Moscow State University; Senior Scientist at the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio-Engineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Associate Professor at the Department of Radioengineering, Opto- and Nanolectronics of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of papers in the field of fibre optics, methods of inspection of semiconductors and semiconductor devices. [e-mail: s.vasin@outlook.com]S. Vasin,

Oleg Aleksandrovich Radaev, Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of the Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Junior Scientist at the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Postgraduate Student at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of papers in the field of development of automated measurement tools for semiconductor devices parameters. [e-mail: oleg.radaev.91@mail.ru]O. Radaev,

Ilia Vladimirovich Frolov, Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of the Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Senior Scientist at the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; an author of papers in the field of methods and means of nondestructive inspection for semiconductor devices. [e-mail: ilya-frolov88@mail.ru]I. Frolov

Automated Installation of Diagnostics of Quality of Light-emitting Heterostructures By the Method of Dynamic Photoelectric Response 000_12.pdf

The block diagram and the principle of action of the automated installation for diagnostics of lateral uniformity of light-emitting heterostructures with quantum walls by measurement and the analysis of a photoelectric response (photovoltage or a photocurrent) are considered at their local dynamic photoexcitation the narrow-band optical radiation of a visible band. The possibility of the choice of harmonic or pulse modulation of counting rate of a flare with adjustment of parameters of modulation is provided in the installation. The electronic-mechanical and optical systems of positioning operated by the microcontroller provide a flare of the heterostructures with quantum walls local area with a minimum diameter of spot of 30 microns and accuracy of positioning ±10 microns. The data acquisition module LA-N1USB transforms a photoresponse signal to a digital signal and transfers it to the computer for processing. Results of approbation of a method and installation on InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes in the static mode confirm existence of inhomogeneities in distribution of a photoelectric on a light-emitting diode crystal surface. The developed method and installation can be used for diagnostics of quality of both light-emitting heterostructures with quantum walls, and other classes of semiconductor devices with p-n transitions: transistors, solar elements, photo diodes, etc.

Light-emitting heterostructures, quality diagnostics, automated installation, lateral heterogeneity, local photoexcitement, photoelectric response.

Vitalii Ivanovich Smirnov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from Gorky State University with the specialty of Physics; Professor of the Department of Design and Technology of Electronic Instrumentation at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles, monographs, inventions in the field of automation instrument measurement. [e-mail: smirnov-vi@mail.ru]V. Smirnov,

Andrei Anatolievich Gavrikov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University with the specialty of Design and Technology of Electronic Instrumentation, Senior Staff Scientist at the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; an author of articles and inventions in the field of measurement of thermal and physical parameters of semiconductor devices. [e-mail: a.gavrikoff@gmail.com]A. Gavrikov,

Anton Mikhailovich Shorin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Design and Technology of Electronic Instrumentation; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University with the specialty of Design and Technology of Electronic Instrumentation; an engineer at the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kotel’nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; an author of articles in the field of measurement of thermal and physical parameters of semiconductor devices. [e-mail: anshant@yandex.ru]A. Shorin

The Method for Measuring Thermal Resistance Components of Semiconductor Devices and Its Practical Implementation 000_13.pdf

The modulation method for measuring components of thermal impedance of semiconductor devices is considered. The method implies device stimulation with heating power varying harmonically. In interpulse time, the heat-sensitive parameter, forward voltage drop on the p-n junction, at low measuring current is determined. First harmonic of the p-n junction temperature is determined by the discrete Fourier transform, which allows to determine thermal impedance module and a phase at modulation frequency of heating power. Numerical simulation shows that the components of thermal resistance of a device according to the Foster network can be determined at the modulation frequencies corresponding to the minima of the first derivative of the frequency dependence of the real part of thermal impedance. A distinctive feature of the method is the fact that the temperature trend of the case does not significantly affect the result of the measurement. The main characteristics of the device realizing the described method are given.

Thermal impedance, semiconductor devices, modulation of heating power, thermal resistance components.

Sergei Feofentovich Tiurin, Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Honored Inventor of the Russian Federation; Doctor of Engineering; Professor at the Department of Automation and Telemechanics of Perm National Research Polytechnic University; an author of articles, monographs, inventions in the field of fault-tolerant elements and devices of computers and control systems. [e-mail: tyurinsergfeo@yandex.ru]S. Tiurin,

Vladimir Georgievich Zarubskii, Perm Institute of the Federal Penal Service of the Russian Federation, Candidate of Engineering, Associate Professor of regime and security in Penal System Department of Perm Institute of the Federal Penal Service of the Russian Federation; an author of articles, monographs, inventions in the field of fault-tolerant elements and devices of computers and control systems. [e-mail: volen3030@rambler.ru]V. Zarubskii

Functional Complete Tolerant Logical Components Parryingtwo and Three Failure in Each Transistor Structure 000_14.pdf

Reliability of control systems of various technological processes depends on the reliability of the circuitry constituting the basis for its structure. The article deals with functional complete tolerant look up table - FCTLUT included in the field-programmable gate array (FPGA) for high-reliability applications, with the ability to save original function in case of failure of two or three transistors in each transistor structure. The analysis of the complexity of the proposed FCTLUT2 with nine-fold redundancy parrying the failure of two transistors in each transistor structure and FCTLUT3 with sixteen-fold redundancy parrying the refusal of three transistors in each transistor structure compared with FCTLUT1 parrying the failure of one transistor in each transistor structure. FCTLUT1, 2, and 3 are compared on the probability of failure-free operation with triplication structures of logic elements of the FPGA.

Lut, logical element, fpga, lut, transistor, functional complete tolerant look up table - fctlut, redundancy, probability of no-failure operation, triplication, quadrupling, nine-fold redundancy, sixteen-fold redundancy.

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