
Main / Archive /'Automation of Control Processes' # 3 (61) 2020
'Automation of Control Processes' # 3 (61) 2020
Contents
AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEMS
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Baboshin, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering, Associate Professor; graduated from the Ulyanovsk Higher Military Command School of Communications; Associate Professor of the Department of Reconstruction of Automatic, Telemechanic, and Communication Devices on Railways at the Military Institute of Railway Troops and Military Communications of the Military Academy of Logistics and Transport n.a. Army General A.V. Khruljov; an author of articles, inventions in the field of analysis (synthesis) of information systems and mathematical modeling, reconstruction of railway automatic and telemechanic devices. email: boboberst@ mail.ruV.A. Baboshin Andrei Klimentevich Chernykh, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering, Associate Professor; graduated from Leningrad State University n.a. A.A. Zhdanov; Professor of the Department of Informatics and Mathematics at the St. Petersburg Military Institute of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation; an author of articles, inventions in the field of analysis (synthesis) of information systems and mathematical modeling, organization system control. email: nataliachernykh@mail.ruA.K. Chernykh Mikhail Gennadievich Iashin, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering, Associate Professor; graduated from the St. Petersburg Military Institute of Railway Troops and Military Communications; Associate Professor of the Department of Reconstruction of Automation, Telemechanic and Communication Devices on Railways at the Military Institute of Railway Troops and Military Communications of the Military Academy of Logistics and Transport n.a. Army General A.V. Khruljov; an author of articles, inventions in the field of analysis (synthesis) of information systems and mathematical modeling, reconstruction of railway automation and telemechanic devices. email: mikl771@rambler.ruM.G. Iashin Konstantin Nikolaevich Savinov, Candidate of Military Sciences, Associate Professor; graduated from the Military Academy of Logistics and Transport n.a. Army General A.V. Khruljov; Head of the Department of Reconstruction of Automation, Telemechanic and Communication Devices on Railways at the Military Institute of Railway Troops and Military Communications of the Military Academy of Logistics and Transport n.a. Army General A.V. Khruljov; an author of articles, monographs, scientific research papers in the field of the technical and engineering coverage of railways, the reconstruction of railway automation and telemechanic devices. email: savinoff@mail.ruK.N. Savinov 
 Optimization elements in the plan of technical covering of objects in communication lines A method is proposed for solving the problem of distributing a limited integer resource of forces and means of transport support for technical cover facilities. The prospects of developing special mathematical software with the aim of improving the quality of management based on the automation of the processes of meaningful processing of information and decision support are justified. The novelty of the method is determined by the statement of the indicated problem in the form of an integer programming model. The method is characterized by the stability of the computational scheme to change the dimension of the problem, a small number of iterations and its rapid convergence to the optimal solution, which determines its effectiveness. Transport support, distribution, technical cover, algorithm for solving the distribution problem, mathematical methods, software. 

Elena Ivanovna Stepnova, graduated from the Faculty of Information System and Technologies of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Postgraduate Student of the Department of Measuring and Computing Systems of UlSTU; an engineer of AeropriborVoskhod, JSC; an author of articles in the field of instrumentation. email: seistep1992@yandex.ruE.I. Stepnova Sergei Konstantinovich Kiselev, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute with a degree in Aircraft and Instrument Engineering; Head of the Department of Measuring and Computing Systems of UlSTU; an author of monographs, articles, inventions in the field of instrumentation. email: ksk@ ulstu.ruS.K. Kiselev 
 Adaptation of displayed flight and navigation data in the aircraft electronic display system The problem of flight safety continues to be of great importance in civil aviation, despite today aviation is the safest mode of transport. Particular attention is paid to the human factor, since it has a significant impact on safety.
The article analyzes the impact of eye strain caused by displayed flight navigation data on a pilot during landing and discusses how to reduce it. It considers how the pilot interacts with aircraft equipment. The flight data, increasing eye strain, but having no affects on successful landing of the aircraft is specified. The article substantiates the necessity of adaptive display of flight data on the screen during landing. The proposed adaptive method for displaying flight navigation data is supposed to reduce the pilot’s eye strain, which contributes to improved quality of piloting and ensures flight safety. Flight and navigation display, electronic display system, aircraft, display adaptation, pilot’s eye strain. 

Oleg Valentinovich Zhiliaev, Postgraduate Student at the Department of Heat and Fuel Energetics of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Faculty of Special Machine Building of Bauman Moscow State Technical University; Lecturer at Kazan National Research Technological University; an author of articles and inventions in the field of liquid’s measuring. email:
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O.V. Zhiliaev Vladislav Nickolaevich Kovalnogov, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering, Professor, Head of Department of Heat and Fuel Energetics of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from UlyanovLenin Kazan State University; an author of articles, monographs, inventions in the field of mathematical modeling, research and optimization of heat, gas and hydrodynamic processes in applications to the problems of creation of energy equipment, heat equipment, transport energetic and energy machines. email:
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V.N. Kovalnogov 
 The analysis of a new physical method
for measuring the fluid mass flow rate and density This paper gives the preliminary analysis of a new physical method of measuring the fluid’s mass flow rate and density which has been discovered by other authors. The need for exploration and development of the method is defined by its advantages in comparison with other currently existing systems for mass flow rate measuring such as Coriolis flowmeter. The new physical method under consideration is based on measuring the alternating pressure difference which would occur along the flow due to harmonic oscillations of the crosssection area of the pipeline which has flexible walls. It is shown that the new physical method gives the opportunity of simultaneous measurement of mass flow rate and liquid’s density. A mathematical model of the process of nonstationary flow of a liquid is built. The problem of nonstationary flow of a liquid is considered and solved as to be onedimensioned one. The detailed and thorough derivation of the formulae of the mathematical model is performed. Some inaccuracies in formulae permitted by authors of the method are indicated at. The limitations in applicability of the method which had been indicated at by its authors are also essentially weaken. The theoretical examination and approval of conclusions about the applicability of the new method are made. Liquid, density, mass flow rate, pipeline, oscillations, measuring. 

Andrei Konstantinovich Morozov, graduated from Tver State University; Postgraduate Student at the Department of Computer Software of Tver State Technical University; the area of his scientific interests relates to the mathematical modeling and programming. email: yerdnavozorom@gmail.comA.K. Morozov 
 Synthesis of the target echo signal with the required parameters to model radar blip and assess tactical characteristics of radars The article deals with the problem of modelling radar blips by reproducing an echo signal of true targets to assess tactical characteristics of radars. A softwaredefined vector generator with incorporated computer and receiver is placed at given angular coordinates and at some distance from radar. The computer generates a digital representation of the waveform; the generator emits a signal corresponding in structure to the radar one. Trigger input of the generator obtains a signal on the period start coming from receiver and computer to ensure interperiod synchronization. The receiver obtains and processes pulses coming from radar. When the strength threshold of received signal is exceeded, the computercontrolled generator receives a signal informing that emitting of prepared echo template has started. As a result, the generator emits an echo signal from the given coordinates, which corresponds to the echo signal of the desired radar blip. The article discusses conditions for generating these blips and characteristics of simulated blips based on characteristics of the equipment used and the radars tested. The author also gives an example of calculating the characteristics of simulated radar blips. Pulse radar, radar blip, radar target, vector signal generator, radar blip profile. 

INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Gennadii Petrovich Tokmakov, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from Radioengineering Faculty at Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Chief Scientist of FRPC JSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’, Professor of the Department of Computer Engineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles, study guides, a monograph and inventions in the field of data models. email: mars@mv.ruG.P. Tokmakov Aleksandr Leonidovich Savkin, Candidate of Military Science, Associate Professor; graduated from the Ulyanovsk Higher Military Command School of Communications and the Marshal Budjonny Military Academy of Signal Corps; completed his postgraduate studies in the Military Academy of Communications; Head of Science and Engineering Support Department of FRPC JSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; an author of scientific works, manuals, and articles in the field of the development and modeling of computeraided control systems of communications and statistical analysis of supplier appraisal. email: mars@mv.ruA.L. Savkin 
 Functional connection (binding), essential elements and rating as tools
for developing a semantic correct scheme for databases The paper considers an ambiguous representation of the subject area reality in data modelling in terms of the relation scheme. There were some attempts to rectify the relational model drawbacks by determining functional dependences among the relation attributes. Those attempts did not tackle the issue completely due to the specific nature of determining functional dependences during standardization of database scheme. The standardization allows eliminating an anomaly of operation updating caused by incorrect models of the subject area associated with the lack of semantic information in the relation model. To improve the representation process of semantic information, which is applied in designing of subject area, the authors suggest using such terms as essential elements and rating. These terms had been scrutinized ever since the hardcopy document workflow, when they were applied to formalize the document contents. To this purpose, the article describes the main components of the relational model in terms of essential elements and rating. For accomplishing aggregation and generalization operations used in developing the relational model and based on the description, the paper identifies formal criteria enabling to reduce the subjective factor while designing a conceptual database scheme. Relation, essential element, rating, aggregation, generalization, functional connection, meaning, semantics, object, nature, components essence. 

Anton Dmitrievich Moskvichev, Postgraduate Student of the Department of Computer Engineering at Pacific National University; graduated from PNU with a degree in Computer Security; an engineer of the Information Security Monitoring and Management Center in MASCOMTechline, LLC; an author of articles; a holder of certificates of software registration. email: anton.moskvichev.1996@yandex.ruA.D. Moskvichev Mikhail Vladimirovich Dolgachev, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; Associate Professor of the Department of Industrial and Civil Engineering of Pacific National University; graduated from PNU with a degree in Mechanical Engineering Technology; Lecturer at the Department of Higher Mathematics at PNU; Head of the Department of Export Control and Information Protection of PNU; an author of articles, a holder of certificates of software registration. email: 007428@pnu.edu.ruM.V. Dolgachev 
 Information security event correlation algorithms An event correlation system is a system that receives events from various intrusion detection systems, reduces the number of false events, detects highlevel attacks, raises the value of incidents, predicts future attacks, and detects sources of attacks. Many algorithms have their advantages and disadvantages. This article provides an overview of existing event correlation algorithms. The material presented in the article is focused on the algorithms used in correlation mechanisms.
The authors of the article introduce functions related to accuracy, functionality and computational capabilities, and compare the categories of algorithms using these functions. The result of this review shows that each category of algorithms has its own strengths, and ideal event correlation systems should have the strengths of each of the categories. In conclusion, the authors of the article conclude that these algorithms are effective and can be used as a correlator module in systems of the SIEM class. Based on the results, the authors make a choice in favor of knowledge base algorithms because of their high accuracy, which is a prerequisite for the application of the algorithm in the field of information security, and low resource consumption. Information security, SIEM, incident, knowledge base, attack scenario, event correlation. 

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Nadezhda Glebovna Yarushkina, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering, Professor; graduated from Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute with the specialty in Electronic Computing Machines; Head of the Department of Information Systems at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of more than 400 papers in the field of soft computing, fuzzy logic, and hybrid systems. email: jng@ulstu.ruN.G. Yarushkina Vadim Sergeevich Moshkin, graduated from the Faculty of Information Systems and Technologies of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor of the Department of Information Systems of UlSTU; an author of more than 90 papers in the field of data analyzing intelligent systems. email: v.moshkin@ulstu.ruV.S. Moshkin Andrei Alekseevich Konstantinov, a student in the master’s degree at the Department of Information Systems of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles in the field of text mining; the area of his scientific interests relates to the automation of text analysis using machine learning. email: adwaises@mail.ruA.A. Konstantinov 
 Word2vec and BERT language models used for a sentiment analysis of text posts in social networks The paper proposes an original algorithm for the formation of a training sample for a neural network that provides a sentiment analysis of text posts in social networks. A feature of the algorithm is the use of the extended Russianlanguage semantic thesaurus WordNetAffect and the expert dictionary of author’s symbols for expressing emotions. In addition, the paper describes the application of a neural network based on the LSTM architecture to determine the emotional coloring of text messages on a social network using two text vectorization algorithms “word2vec” and “BERT”. As a result of the experiments, an indicator of the accuracy of determining the emotional coloring of messages of 87% was achieved using lemmatization as a text preprocessing algorithm and the BERT algorithm when converting it into a vector. Sentiment analysis, BERT, word2vec, neural network, social network. 

Alexander Viacheslavovich Mikheev, graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Programmer of the Ulyanovsk Regional Center of New Information Technologies at the Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of more than 15 research papers, a holder of the certificate of software registration; the area of his scientific interests relates to the machine learning. email: a.miheev@simcase.ruA.V. Mikheev Kirill Valerevich Sviatov, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Dean of the Faculty of Information Systems and Technologies of UlSTU; an author of more than 40 articles, three monographs, three textbooks; a holder of four certificates of software registration; the area of his scientific interests relates to machine learning and robotics. email: k.svyatov@ulstu.ruK.V. Sviatov Iurii Aleksandrovich Lapshov, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor of the Computer Engineering Department at UlSTU; an author of 32 articles, a monograph; a holder of two certificates of software registration; the area of his scientific interests relates to computeraided design systems, workflow management. email: y.lapshov@ulstu.ruI.A. Lapshov Vadim Georgievich Tronin, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor of the Department of Information Systems at UlSTU; an author of more than 50 articles, a textbook; the area of his scientific interests relates to the project management and theory of solving inventive problems. email: v.tronin@ulstu.ruV.G. Tronin 
 Software for determining features of a mobile robot’s path with the use of neural networks The article describes an approach to the implementation of a software package for determining the probability of a collision of a mobile robot with obstacles. This approach is based on a neural network model with attention. Key feature is the method of the training dataset generation: the labeling of obstacles and the values of the probability of collision with them is performed not in manual mode, but using a deterministic algorithm that uses the result of semantic segmentation using another pretrained neural network. This method allows to use a poorly detailed description of the external environment for training convolutional neural networks with attention on the example of recognizing obstacles when a mobile robot moves in simulation mode. At the same time, low detail allows to reduce the timeconsuming process of manual data labeling due to automatically generated sampling in the NVIDIA Isaac environment, and the attention mechanism allows to increase the interpretability of the analysis results. Artificial intelligence, neural networks, machine learning, computer vision, attention networks, robotics. 

MATHEMATICAL MODELING
Iulia Valerevna Pokladova, Candidate of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Economics and Mathematics of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor of the Department of Higher Mathematics at UlSTU; an author of articles and monographs in the field of aerohydroelasticity, mathematical modeling. email: pokladovau@inbox.ruI.V. Pokladova Petr Aleksandrovich Velmisov, Doctor of Sciences Physics and Mathematics, Professor; graduatedfromthe Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Saratov State University; Head of the Department of Higher Mathematics at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of articles and monographs in the field of aerohydromechanics, aerohydroelasticity, mathematical modeling. email: velmisov@ulstu.ruP.A. Velmisov 
 The study of the stability of aeroelastic systems by linear approximation This paper proposes an approximate method of studying the stability of solutions of nonlinear differential equations with partial derivatives, describing the dynamics of one class of aeroelastic systems. Based on the Galerkin (KrylovKantorovich) method, when presenting the desired deformations in the form (formula), the study of problems for differential equations with partial derivatives for w(x,t) reduces to the study of problems for nonlinear systems of ordinary differential equations for functions (formula) . It is shown that the structure of these systems allows using the known stability theorems by linear approximation. Thus, the study of the dynamic stability of aeroelastic systems is reduced to the study of uniform problems combined by a common approach to solving them. As examples, vibration stability conditions of a pipeline with liquid flowing inside it and a plate streamlined by a supersonic gas flow are obtained. Pipeline, plate, deformation, dynamics, aerohydroelasticity, stability, nonlinear model, partial differential equations. 

Nikolai Viktorovich Dorofeev, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering and Computer Systems at Vladimir State University; Head of the Department of Management and Control in Technical Systems of VlSU; an author of articles, monographs, inventions in the field of information processing of data and forecasting of nearsurface geodynamics. email: DorofeevNV@yandex.ruN.V. Dorofeev Anastasia Vladimirovna Grecheneva, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering and Computer Systems at Vladimir State University; Associate Professor of the Department of Management and Control in Technical Systems of VlSU; an author of articles and a monograph in the field of instruments and methods for monitoring the mechanical and kinematic parameters of complex objects. email: GrechenevaAV@yandex.ruA.V. Grecheneva Ekaterina Sergeevna Pankina, graduated from the Department of Instrument Engineering, Metrology and Certification of Oryol State Technical University; Research Fellow at the Department of Management and Control in Technical Systems of VlSU; an author of articles in the field of modeling and analysis of relationships in natural and technical systems. email: pankina@bsu.edu.ruE.S. Pankina Roman Viacheslavovich Romanov, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering and Computer Systems at Vladimir State University; Associate Professor at the Department of Management and Control in Technical Systems, of VlSU; an author of articles and a monograph in the field of distributed data processing and monitoring of groundwater in decentralized water supply. email: romanov. roman.5@yandex.ruR.V. Romanov 
 Simulation and bifurcation analysis
of geotechnical system stability under vibration The automation of control processes for the stability of geotechnical systems is a great challenge involving the development of methods for multivariate analyzing and forecasting the stability with the subject to the nonlinearity of material stiffness parameters. The aim of the study is to improve the efficiency of automated control systems for geotechnical stability by developing an approach to detect negative changes in bifurcation diagrams of vibration displacement parameters of object structures. The authors present a mathematical model of the dynamic behavior of structural elements of an object as an elementary unit of a geotechnical system that describes a response to an external vibration action. An algorithm of bifurcation analysis is presented, which allows authors to determine the initial transition stage of the object structure to an unstable state by the acceleration values of forced oscillations exceeding the model parameters. A bifurcation diagram of stability changes in the structure of object at the displacement resulting from the load increase under vibration action has been constructed. This diagram, which type of codimensionone bifurcations is merging, enabled to determine the critical load values resulting in an unstable state transition of a system due to the influence of a combination of vibration factors. The efficiency evaluation of the proposed approach was carried out by the comparison with the results of construction stability calculations obtained by the use of the dynamic coefficient. The difference between the values of the maximum object displacement without loss of the stability under vibration action, obtained by the standard calculation method and using the developed model, is 32.5%, and it is significant in the theory of structure stability. When exogenous vibration noise is used as a source of a sounding signal, the application of the developed approach in automated control systems for geotechnical stability enable to change the permissible stability thresholds of objects being exploited depending on the level and combination of influencing factors. Geotechnical system, automated monitoring, stability, nonlinear dynamics model, vibration action, bifurcation diagram. 

Anastasiia Valerevna Alekseeva, Postgraduate Student of the Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Faculty of Information Systems and Technologies at UlSTU; a standardization engineer at the Ulyanovsk Instrument Manufacturing Design Bureau, JSC; an author of scientific publications in the field of the statistical methods in quality management. email: age 89@mail.ruA.V. Alekseeva 
 Improving the efficiency of statistical control of hydrounit vibrations Some techniques of statistical process control can be applied in investigating an object for likely defects. In this regard, the multidimensional scattering is monitored with the use of a generalized variance algorithm. At fixed time intervals samples of observations are recorded, according to which the values of the determinant of covariance matrix (the generalized variance) are calculated. The corresponding point, falling outside the borders of control chart, indicates the process failure. The test results based on vibration data obtained from the hydraulic unit at the Krasnopolianskaia Hydroelectric Power Station showed that the algorithm of the generalized variance has an insufficient quick response relating to both gradual and spasmodic changes in the scattering level. To make the monitoring process more efficient, the following techniques have been suggested. The first one detects defects by analyzing special kind structures on the generalized variance chart. The second technique applies the warning borders on the chart and the third one implies an algorithm of exponentially weighted moving averages for generalized variance. All the tests revealed that the search for nonrandom structures on the generalized variance chart is most effective for the early detection of changes in the scattering process Generalized variance, average run length, hydraulic unit vibrations, warning borders, exponentially weighted moving averages. 

Olga Mikhailovna Gorbacheva, graduated from Orenburg State University with the Master’s degree in the Management and Information Technologies in Engineering Systems; Postgraduate Student of the Department of Production Automation Systems at OSU; an author of articles in the field of automation and control of production and manufacturing processes. email: Ol.gorba4ewa2017@yandex.ruO.M. Gorbacheva Aleksandr Sergeevich Borovskii, Doctor of Sciences in Engineering, Associate Professor; graduated from Tula Higher Artillery Engineering College with the specialty in Automated Control Systems; ViceRector for Scientific Affairs of OSU; an author of numerous scientific publications in the field of analysis and synthesis of information and engineering systems. email: borovski@mail.ruA.S. Borovskii 
 Analysis of the mathematical model of the waste oil purification in a diesel locomotive engine The article analyses a mathematical model of the waste oil purification in the oil system of a diesel locomotive engine. Waste oil purification takes place directly in the engine during its operation, which enables to reduce considerably the time taken to purify, and to decrease the concentration of impurities in the oil. In the proposed system for automatic control of waste oil purification, the main monitored parameters are pressure and temperature of the oil being purified. During analyzing the analytical solution of the system, the authors studied an increase in the concentration of impurity particles, the behavior of particle velocities in the centrifuge, and determined assumptions, within the framework of which the velocity of impurity particles was simulated. The influence of the impurity particle shape in the oil was taken into account in making these assumptions. Centrifuge, parallel velocity component, perpendicular velocity component, monitored parameters, automatic system. 

COMPUTERAIDED ENGINEERING
Aleksandr Nikolaevich Piftankin, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Ulyanovsk State University; Chief Specialist at Federal ResearchandProduction Center Joint Stock Company ‘RPA ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of automation of complex radar information processing, planning of fighter aircraft actions and control processes email: mars@mv.ruA.N. Piftankin Anastasiia Vladimirovna Polovinkina, Candidate of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics; graduated from the Faculty of Mathematics and Information Technologies of Ulyanovsk State University; Software Engineer at FRPC JSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of fundamental research. email: mars@mv.ruA.V. Polovinkina Tatiana Evgenevna Kuznetsova, graduated from the Faculty of Mathematics and Information Technologies of Ulyanovsk State University; Software Engineer at FRPC JSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; the area of her scientific interests relates to the dualpurpose system engineering. email: mars@mv.ruT.E. Kuznetsova 
 Analysis of approaches to the development of dualpurpose systems of C4I type The article deals with approaches to complex system development, including C4I systems (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence) in terms of various approaches suggested for civilian systems. It substantiates the relevance of dualpurpose systems and possible types of subscribers interacting with C4I system. Approaches to software engineering for such systems during analyzing the subject area and designing are suggested. The article considers an algorithm of arranging software functions in hierarchical order based on dendritic method; it also gives an example of algorithm for software engineering and the procedure of using patterns in the systems of situation awareness, and operational and technical readiness as an example. Unlike most of open publishers in this field, the article suggests approaches, which allow using hierarchical clustering in software decomposition. Dualpurpose systems, analysis of approaches to complex system development, hierarchical clustering. 

Nikolai Nikolaevich Voit, Candidate of Sciences in Engineering, Associate Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Information Systems and Technologies of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Associate Professor at the Department of Computer Engineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of more than 200 scientific articles in the field of intelligent CAD, Сase, СalsTechnologies; the area of his scientific interests relates to the workflow design automation, formal languages and grammars, automata, control and analysis of business processes, intelligent workflow processing systems, ontologies, automated learning environments. email: n.voit@ulstu.ruN.N. Voit 
 The ensemble principle and analytical model of project workflow organization The purpose of the author’s fundamental research is to increase the efficiency of processing business processes in automated systems (AS) in the basis of graphic languages by reducing the time spent on their development and processing. The goal is also to improve the success of the processing of workflow diagrammatic models. Moreover, success is understood as meeting the requirements for resource constraints, including functionality, financial component and deadlines. Also, the goal includes improving the quality of diagrammatic models by controlling denotative and significative semantic errors. The business process itself is presented in the form of a diagrammatic workflow model, and process processing refers to the analysis, control, transformation and interpretation of workflow diagrammatic models.
The paper contains an analysis of existing approaches to automating the design of workflows in a large design organization. Descriptions of the development of the theoretical foundations for the processing of diagrammatic models of workflows are proposed in the form of a new principle of organizing the flows of design work in the basis of graphic languages – “Ensemble”, a new analytical model of organizing the flows of design work, taking into account orchestration, choreography. The developed principle and model are integrated into the methodology of the structuralsemantic approach. A computational experiment based on the developed model is described, which represents the workflows of design work in the design preparation of production and technological preparation of production.
This article is one of the followup works on the methodology for processing design workflows in the basis of graphic languages. Business processes, graphic languages, workflows, analysis, synthesis. 

