ISSN 1991-2927
 

ACP № 1 (55) 2019

Author: "Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev"

Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Radio Engineering Faculty of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General at the Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars; an author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Radio-Engineering Faculty of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; a head of the Computer Science Department at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of numerous works in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems. [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin

Question-answer Modeling of the Operational Spacein Designing the Family of Automated Systems 36_13.pdf

For last 20 years, the successfulness of developing the software intensive systems (SIS) has been associated with a very low degree of a success (approximately 35% in accordance with universally recognized statistics of Standish Croup company), and it is an important reason for searching of new approaches to occupational activity in this subject area which enough fully reflects problems of occupational activity in human-computer environments. Negative influences of human factors (misunderstanding, ambiguity of reasoning and the others) are being recognized as basic reasons of unsuccessfulness in creating and using of SISs and automated systems (AS) as a subclass of SIS, and it inevitable concerns relations of the human with the software. A very important direction of an implementation and improvement of the human-computer activity is bound with discovering, representing and evolving an occupational experience. The special role of interactions with experience in human-computer environments is confirmed by active evolving of the subject area “empirical software engineering” in the frame of which the special kind of “metrology” is developed. This subject area is also bound with the creation and use of the Experience Bases and Experience Factories and with methods and means of “experimenting” in human-computer environments. Told above includes sufficient arguments to count the creation of innovative methods and means of conceptual experimenting in human-computer environments is topical.Formalization of conceptual experimenting is implemented with using a system of rules of the generated grammar which shall include the sets of rules specifying a reflection of all components of professional work onto a question-answer memory. A program realization of the instrumentally technological environment intended for conceptual experimenting, in the form of a program product which is demanded commercially and adjusted on a definite kind of occupational activity.

Cad, conceptual experimenting, experience base, precedent, professional maturity.

2014_ 2

Sections: Computer-aided engineering

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering.


Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Radio Engineering Faculty of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General at the Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars; an author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Communicative Maintenance of Designers’ Activity in Processes of Creating and Using an Experience Base 35_9.pdf

The paper presents a communicative maintenance of a designers’ activity in processes of creating and using an Experience Base of a design company that develops a family of automated systems. The experience base is intended for accumulating all kinds of company assets for their reuse in creating the next members of the family. All assets active as a typical solution is formed as a precedent’s model that opens an inclusion of the corresponding solution in the process of designing. Such models are bound with design decisions that can be useful in the subsequent development. For uniform representation of such models in the Experience Base, the typical scheme of precedents is specified. The scheme includes the statement of the corresponding task, a number of conceptual models and a pseudo-code program of the task decision Communicative maintenance serves to forming and checking the correctness of each component of each precedent’s model. The communicative maintenance is based on a set of communicative tasks the decisions of which are included in processes of designing. In a corporate network, the communicative maintenance is realized in two versions. Both versions are developed in an instrumental environment of a question-answer type. One of these versions is implemented by means of Web-programming. The corresponding toolkit provides registering of question-answer reasoning of designers solving the project tasks. Thus, specificity of communicative maintenance is defined with its orientation on precedents and the decision of communicative tasks in the specialized question-answer environment.

Cad, communication, precedent, experience base.

2014_ 1

Sections: Information systems

Subjects: Information systems.


Vladimir Anatolevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Radio-Engineering Faculty of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of the Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Andrei Alekseevich Pertsev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, an external PhD student of the Computer Science Department of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty of Ulyanovsk State University; a department chief at FRPC OJSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]A. Pertsev,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Radio-Engineering Faculty of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; a head of the Computer Science Department at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of numerous works in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems. [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin

An Approach to a Personalized Designer Model Generation and Use 34_8.pdf

The paper presents tools for computer-aided generation of personalized designer models in an organization developing computer-aided system families. The implementation is oriented at design processes and an experience base is used for its information service.

Computer-aided design, experience base, personal job description, professional maturity.

2013_ 4

Sections: Artificial intelligence system

Subjects: Artificial intelligence, Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Vladimir Anatolevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Radio-Engineering Faculty at Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of the Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Aleksandr Nikolaevich Podobrii, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Post-graduate student at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty at Ulyanovsk State University; a leading software engineer at FRPC OJSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; specializes in the field of the automated enterprise control systems implementation. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]A. Podobrii,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Radio-Engineering Faculty at Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; a head of the Computer Science Department at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of numerous works in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems. [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin,

Viacheslav Valentinovich Alekseichik, Assembly of the Ulyanovsk region, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Mathematic and Arithmetic Machines and Devices Faculty of Taganrog Institute of Radio-Engineering; Deputy of Legislative Assembly of the Ulyanovsk region; a laureate of the Lenin Prize; an author of publications and inventions in the field of the computer-aided control systems creation. [e-mail: promzso@mail.ru]V. Alekseichik

A Model of the Standardized Integration of Intertechnological Exchange Information Resources 34_9.pdf

The article presents a model of a standardized integration of information resources by means of using a system of rules, a generative grammar and a dictionary-reference base based on a dictionary-indicative connections system.

Computer-aided system families, dictionary-reference base, information resource, technological environment, generative grammar.

2013_ 4

Sections: Artificial intelligence system

Subjects: Artificial intelligence, Information systems.


Vladimir Anatolievich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’, Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radio-Engineering at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; Director General of the Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company ‘Research-and-Production Association ‘Mars’; an author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Aleksandr Nikolaevich Podobrii, FRPC OJSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’, Post-graduate Student at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; graduated from the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics at Ulyanovsk State University; a lead programmer at FRPC OJSC ‘RPA ‘Mars’; specializes in the field of the implementation of a computer-aided system for company management. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]A. Podobrii,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Honoured worker of the High School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Radio-Engineering at Ulyanovsk Polytechnical Institute; a head of the Department of Computer Engineering at the Ulyanovsk State Technical University; an author of numerous papers in the field of the conceptual design of computer-aided systems. [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin

On Approach to Integration of Information Resources When Designing a Family of Computer-aided Systems 33_8.pdf

The article presents an approach to an information space creation which binds together the design engineering technologies and the software design within the development of computer-aided systems families. The peculiarity of the approach is defined by a uniform integration of the information resources based on data glossary-directories.

Web-оболочка, computer-aided system families, data glossary-directory, information resource, web-shell, technological environments.

2013_ 3

Sections: Computer-aided design system

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Vladimir Anatolievich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute, Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Means and Mechanisms for Synchronization of Informational Resources of Project Organization Experience Base 31_9.pdf

The article presents means for synchronization of informational resources of project organization experience base which develops computer-aided system suites. Mechanisms and means for synchronization are oriented at adequate representation of directory of experience base repository and directory copies saved in informational bases of project groups.

Computer-aided design, experience base, informational support, synchronization.

2013_ 1

Sections: Computer-aided design system

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Konstantin Sergeevich Beliaev, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Master of Engineering and Technologies; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University, post-graduate student of the Computer Engineering Chair at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: k.belyaev@ulstu.ru]K. Beliaev,

Vladimir Anatolievich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute, Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Dynamic Visualization Means for Development of Computer- Aided Systems 31_10.pdf

The article presents dynamic visualization means used in computer-aided systems development to display the amount of work of project activity, decision-making and other useful information requiring operational access to work with them.

Computer-aided design, dynamic visualization, question-and-answer system, experience base.

2013_ 1

Sections: Computer-aided design system

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Implementation of Tools for Maintenance of Design Organization Asset Archive 30_10.pdf

The article presents design solutions gained during the development of tools for administrator and user of asset repository included into tool environment of experience base of design organization. It also describes an operations situation of administrator actions towards maintenance of design organization asset archive.

Computer-aided design, assets, experience base, repository, design solutions, components, uml diagram.

2012_ 4

Sections: Computer-aided design systems

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, honored worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation; Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; head of the Chair Computer Engineering at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of numerous papers in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin,

Yury Alexanderovich Lapshov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, has a Masters degree in Engineering and Technologies; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; post-graduate student at the Chair Computer Engineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: y.lapshov@mail.ru]Y. Lapshov,

Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Tools for Programmed Control of Workflows in Design of Computer-aided Systems 30_11.pdf

The article presents tools for programmed control of joint activity of designers, concerning development of computer-aided systems. The tools are based on pseudocode programming of agreed task solution taking into account the complexity of such activity.

Computer-aided design, workflow, programmed control, pseudocode programming.

2012_ 4

Sections: Computer-aided design systems

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Automated control systems.


Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, honored worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation; Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; head of the Chair Computer Engineering at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of numerous papers in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin,

Yury Alexanderovich Lapshov, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, has a Masters degree in Engineering and Technologies; graduated from Ulyanovsk State Technical University; post-graduate student at the Chair Computer Engineering of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: y.lapshov@mail.ru]Y. Lapshov,

Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Pseudocode Programmed Control of Workflows for Design of Computer-aided Systems 29_6.pdf

The article presents facilities and a language for pseudocode programming of workflows, designed for algorithmic representation of business processes to be executed in design of computer-aided systems. The specific character of the language consists in its orientation to intelligent processor (designer role) which shares common work with computer processor and other business-process executers.

Computer-aided design, workflow, software, pseudocode programming.

2012_ 3

Sections: Computer-aided design systems

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Automated control systems.


Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev

Representation of Software Assets in Experience-base Repository of Design Organization 29_7.pdf

The article presents facilities to extract assets from source codes of software products in order to locate them into a designorganization experience-base repository. Utilities ensuring the asset extraction, are programmed based on a special-purpose pseudocode language. The article also presents an operational environment for designers' access to the repository.

Computer-aided design, assets, experience base, repository, pseudocode programming.

2012_ 3

Sections: Computer-aided design systems

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering.



Stanislav Vladislavovich Zhukov, Ulyanovsk State University, graduated from the Faculty of Economical Cybernetics of Moscow Institute of Economics and Statistics; doctoral candidate at Ulyanovsk State University [e-mail: texthapb@mail.ru]S. Zhukov,

Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars; author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, honored worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; head of the Chair Computers at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of numerous papers in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin

Label Security of Design Tasks When Developing Computer-aided Systems 28_6.pdf

The article presents a system of means for label security of design tasks when developing com-puter-aided systems. The peculiarity of the suggested means determines homogenous hierar-chical presentation of the tasks and organizational structure of project teams. The operational interaction among developers is provided by software agents. The system of security means is implemented as an extension of the tool modeling environment WIQA.Net servicing conceptual design of computer-aided systems.

Computer-aided design, information security, label security, software agents, design tasks.

2012_ 2

Sections: Artificial-intelligence systems

Subjects: Artificial intelligence, Automated control systems, Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Stanislav Vladislavovich Zhukov, Ulyanovsk State University, graduated from the Faculty of Economical Cybernetics of Moscow Institute of Economics and Statistics; applicant at Ulyanovsk State University [e-mail: texthapb@mail.ru]S. Zhukov,

Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company 'Research-and-Production Association 'Mars', Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General author of articles in the field of CAD [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, honored worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Radioengineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; head of the Chair 'Computers'; author of numerous papers in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin,

Modeling of the Standard Gostriso/iec 15408 'information Technology - Security Techniques- Evaluation Criteria for Information Technology Security' 27_1.pdf

Information security of computer-aided system is to be based on contemporary standards. The article suggests solutions to the development of security facilities in order to materialize standard requirements in a precedent base.

Computer-aided system, information security, metrics, design, protection profile.

2012_ 1

Sections: System analysis, datamanagement andprocessing

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Sergey Nikolaevich Larin, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company 'Research-and-Production Association 'Mars', Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Aircraft Construction of Ulyanovsk State Technical University; head of the complex production-engineering department at Federal Research-and-Production Center 'Research-and-Production Association 'Mars'; author of publications in the field of computer-aided engineering processes. [e-mail: larinmars@rambler.ru]S. Larin,

Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company 'Research-and-Production Association 'Mars', Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radio-Engineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company 'Research-and-Production Association 'Mars'; author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]V. Maklaev,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Honored worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Engineering, Professor; graduated from the Faculty of Radio-Engineering of Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; head of the Chair 'Computer Engineering' at Ulyanovsk State Technical University; author of numerous papers in the field of conceptual design of computer-aided systems. [e-mail: sosnin@ulstu.ru]P. Sosnin

Methodological Basis of Design and Engineering Solutions From the Point of View of Production-process Maturity 26_9.pdf

The article suggests and describes a comprehensive approach to the management of design and engineering solutions. Based on models of the maturity of production processes, studies of organizational prerequisites to system improvement of design and engineering solutions within workflows of design and engineering preparation of science-intensive productions were carried out.

Design and engineering work, maturity of production processes, simultaneous (concurrent) engineering, manufacturability of products.

2011_ 4

Sections: System analysis, data management and processing

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering, Information systems.


Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company Research-and-Production Association Mars, Candidate of Engineering, graduated from the Faculty of Radio-Engineering at the Ulyanovsk Polytechnic Institute; Director General of Federal Research-and-Production Center Open Joint-Stock Company 'Research-and-Production Association 'Mars'; author of articles in the field of CAD. [e-mail: mars@mv.ru.]V. Maklaev

An Approach to Presentation and Operational Use of Professional Assets of Design Organization 23_1.pdf

The article presents an approach to the creation and use of design-organization experience base. An interpretation of experience base as a system of assets generated and re-used for the design of special-purpose computer-aided system family, is specific to the approach. The interpretation of assets and specialization of the family contributes to the use of the richest potential of system-family standartization, capability maturity, life cycle, architecture descriptions and other standards for experience-base design. Tools of question-and-answer conceptual design enabling the integration of all the useful things from heterogeneous standards and other useful sources of analogies, are selected to create the experience base.

Design of computer-aided systems, experience base, question-and-answer system, design document.

2011_ 1

Sections: Computer-aided design systems

Subjects: Artificial intelligence, Computer-aided engineering.


Vladimir Anatolyevich Maklaev, [e-mail: mars@mv.ru]Maklaev V.,

Petr Ivanovich Sosnin, [e-mail: mars@mv.ru] P. Sosnin

Instrumental and Technological Environment for Generation and Use of Design Organization Experience 16_2.pdf

In design organizations there are a lot of reasons when problems of modeling of organization experience and its operational use are put in the forefront. The experience of developers in professional subject is handed over through completed projects to developers of other projects and so on, forming what is logically called 'design organization experience'. The fact 'how the experience is presented' and 'how it is accessed', influences substantially value of design organization experience base. In order to present (model) design organization experience and use it efficiently (in current state), the authors propose question-answer tool environments to be applied in collaborative activity within corporate networks. The development of such environments within the working group 'Question-Answer Processes, Technologies and Systems' resulted in creation of a range of tool systems. It was decided to create a complex 'Experience Base of Design Organization' on basis of them. The authors took an active part in creation of a range of versions of the efficient tool and technological environment WIQA (Working in Questions and Answers). Due to this environment, a range of applications ensuring conceptual design of computer-aided systems, documentation, decision-making and training, was developed. The tool system WIQA is oriented at use of experience phenomenon and its models. During the process of QA-system creation a substantial potential of assets was accumulated (components for building, regulating documents and other units of reuse). The last version of the integrated tool environment on basis of WIQA.Net processor is programmed using Microsoft.Net 2.0 and facilities of Web-programming ASP.NET which extend corporate network due to client workstations in Internet.

Modeling of organization experience, knowledge management, instrumental and technological facilities, design organization, question-answer processes.

2009_ 2

Sections: Integrated c2 system: methodology, information technologies, facilities and components

Subjects: Computer-aided engineering.


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